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Research Article

Fuel butanol dehydration by using a membrane based pervaporation method  

Filiz Ugur Nigiz*, Nilufer Durmaz Hilmioglu

Department of Chemical Engineering , Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, TURKEY

Keywords

Abstract

Fuel dehydration, 

Hydrophilic membrane,

 Pervaporation

The usage of bio-fuel for transportation fuel has become mandatory to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and increase the fuel quality. It is well known that the bio-fuels such as bio-ethanol and bio-butanol are produced by the fermentation process and the final concentrations of these alcohols in fermentation broth are very low. Therefore, effective and selective separation processes are required to be used. Pervaporation is a cost effective and selective membrane process that separates azeotropic, close-boiling-point mixtures from each other. It is commercially used as a hybrid process with distillation in the fermentation plant. The performance of this method depends on the productivity, durability, stability, and selectivity of the membrane. Thus, academic studies related to the pervaporation membrane production are still in progress.  The purpose of this study is dehydration of bio-butanol by using pervaporation. Montmorillonite clay incorporated carboxymethyl cellulose composite membrane has been prepared. Effects of temperature and butanol-water concentration on separation performance have been investigated.

 © 2016 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17515/resm2016.47en0613                          Full Text

LATEST News


05/09/2018 Abstracted/Indexed by ProquestOur journal is started to be Absracted/Indexed by Materials Science & Engineering Database of Proquest.


15/08/2018 New Members of the RESM: New editors and editorial board members have joined the team. Our journal is stronger now with their valuable participation. See Editorial Board for new members.


07/08/2018 Citation RatioFirst 3 Volumes of our journal, with 40 articles, are cited 42 times by journals indexed in SCI-Expanded.


31/07/2018 Indexed by Ulakbim TR Index: Our journal is decided to be included in the TÜBİTAK ULAKBİM TR Index upon the number 41 decision of the relevant Committee dated at 13.04.2018.The inclusion starts with the first issue of 2016.


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Last Update:

10.09.2018

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