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Research Article

Fuel butanol dehydration by using a membrane based pervaporation method  

Filiz Ugur Nigiz*1, Nilufer Durmaz Hilmioglu1

1Department of Chemical Engineering , Kocaeli University, Kocaeli, , TURKEY

Keywords

Abstract

Fuel dehydration, 

Hydrophilic membrane,

 Pervaporation

The usage of bio-fuel for transportation fuel has become mandatory to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions and increase the fuel quality. It is well known that the bio-fuels such as bio-ethanol and bio-butanol are produced by the fermentation process and the final concentrations of these alcohols in fermentation broth are very low. Therefore, effective and selective separation processes are required to be used. Pervaporation is a cost effective and selective membrane process that separates azeotropic, close-boiling-point mixtures from each other. It is commercially used as a hybrid process with distillation in the fermentation plant. The performance of this method depends on the productivity, durability, stability, and selectivity of the membrane. Thus, academic studies related to the pervaporation membrane production are still in progress.  The purpose of this study is dehydration of bio-butanol by using pervaporation. Montmorillonite clay incorporated carboxymethyl cellulose composite membrane has been prepared. Effects of temperature and butanol-water concentration on separation performance have been investigated.

 © 2016 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17515/resm2016.47en0613                          Full Text

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11/05/2018 Open for Special Issue Proposals: The journal of RESM is open to proposals for special issues on emerging related topics. More info is here.


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19/01/2018 Collaboration for KOMPEGE IV: Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of  IV. International Ege Composite Materials Symposium have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal.



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