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Research Article

Study of morphology and effect of compression moulding parameters on mechanical properties of nanoclay/polymer nanocomposites sheet moulding compound

Pankaj Dhongade, Vikas Sargade

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar Technological University, Lonere-402103, Maharashtra, India

Keywords

Abstract


Nanoclay;


Sheet Moulding Compounds;


Compression Moulding;


X-ray diffraction analysis;


Tensile testing;


Flexural testing

Owing to the much larger surface (or interface) area per unit volume, drastic difference in material behaviour can be observed between the conventional and nanostructured materials. A nanostructured material can have totally different properties from a larger-dimension material of the same composition because many of the important chemical and physical interactions are governed by the surfaces. This study considers polymer nanocomposites in the form of sheet moulding compounds. The polymer nanocomposite is formed by adding surface modified Montmorillonite nano-clay as a major nano-material to the SMC composite material so as to enhance the material properties. This study considers fabrication and characterization of polymer nanocomposite by employing the compression moulding technique. Scanning electron microscopy has revealed that though the polymer nanocomposites improve the material properties but its fabrication should be carefully carried out in order to avoid formation of irregularities in the material. The x-ray diffraction results confirmed the retention of crystallinity of the polymer nanocomposites. Upon characterization it has been observed that the material properties like tensile strength, percentage elongation and flexural strength are enhanced. The hardness of the polymer nanocomposite material is slightly improved and the specific gravity is also found to be slightly decreasing making the nano-clay composite lighter.

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2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.



2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.



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The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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