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Research Article

Effects of immersion in the NaCl and H2SO4 solutions on the corrosion rate, microstructure, and hardness of stainless steel 316L

Anugrah Budi Wicaksono, Hadi Sutanto, Wegie Ruslan

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Atma Jaya Catholic University of Indonesia, Jakarta 12930, Indonesia



Corrosion rate;

Stainless steel 316L;

Corrosive medium;


Material resistance

Stainless steel is one of the materials with excellent corrosion resistance, so it is widely applied in various fields such as the chemical industry, aerospace, power generation, and biomedicine. The environmental condition (neutral, acidic, salty, or basic) is the most important thing to be considered prior to choosing palpable stainless steel materials. In this study, the corrosion behaviors of stainless-steel type SS 316L under exposure immersions in salty and acidic environments using sodium chloride (NaCl) and sulfuric acid (H2SO4) solutions were investigated, by referring to a standard method of ASTM G31-72. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) results revealed that the specimen in NaCl solution exhibited a darker color, and relatively similar shape of cracks are observed. In contrast, the specimen immersed in H2SO4 was observed to have a large diagonal crack. The corrosion rate of SS 316L immersed in NaCl was lower with a value of 0.4260 mpy, compared to that of H2SO4 which was 2.5141 mpy. The Vickers hardness test showed that the hardness value of NaCl immersion was higher than that of H2SO4, which was 6.34% and 1.94%, respectively. It can be concluded that the SS 316L is better used in a salty environment compared to acidic conditions, because the main function of SS 316L is to be able to withstand rust, one of which is caused by chloride compared to other types of stainless-steel.

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20/04/2024 Collaboration for HSTD-2024Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the III. International Conference on High-Speed Transport Development (HSTD) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

20/04/2024 Collaboration for DSL2024-SS1Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the DSL2024 Fluid Flow, Energy Transfer & Design (SS1) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the session will be published in our journal. For more see Events. .

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

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2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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