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Special Issue Proposals:

The journal of RESM is open to proposals for special issues on emerging related topics. More info is here.

Review Article

The evaluation of behavior of geopolymer reinforced concrete and conventional reinforced concrete beams: a critical review

Banu D. Handono, Ronny E. Pandaleke, Reynaldo J. Sela, Dody M.J. Sumajouw, Steenie E. Wallah, Servie O. Dapas, Reky S. Windah

Department of Civil Engineering, Sam Ratulangi University, Manado, Indonesia



Reinforced beams;

Conventional concrete;




As concrete technology has evolved, Geopolymer Concrete (GPC) has emerged as an ecologically friendly material compared to Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) concrete, which has several complex environmental impacts. Without using OPC, which is typically used as a binder, the GPC has been developed. The base constituent material of GPC, like fly ash, is used to produce binder for geopolymer-reinforced concrete as an alternative. In building construction, the most frequently used component of the reinforced concrete element is a beam made by combining OPC concrete and steel reinforcement. This research involves a critical investigation of the bending behavior of control beams made of conventional reinforced concrete (CRC) and geopolymer reinforced concrete (GRC) beams. This critical review intentions to clarify how to differentiate a flexural behavior between GRC and CRC beams. Data from different experimental studies, which are divided into five parameters namely cracks and failure patterns, failure loads, load and deflection relationships, deflections, and ductility, provide the basis for the research. The results of the analytical review support the claim that the flexural behavior of the two beams exhibits similarities, and is quite typical. Therefore, it is possible to analyze and design GRC beams using the theory and standards used by CRC beams.

© 2023 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.


20/04/2024 Collaboration for HSTD-2024Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the III. International Conference on High-Speed Transport Development (HSTD) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the conference will be published in our journal. For more see Events.

20/04/2024 Collaboration for DSL2024-SS1Editorial Board of our journal and Organizing Committee of the DSL2024 Fluid Flow, Energy Transfer & Design (SS1) have agreed to collaborate. Extended versions of the selected papers from the session will be published in our journal. For more see Events. .

8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

For more see News...


2023 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2023 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ferzan Fidan, Naim Aslan, Mümin Mehmet Koç entitled as “Morpho-structural and compressive mechanical properties of graphene oxide reinforced hydroxyapatite scaffolds for bone tissue applications” is awarded.

2023 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Ercan Işık, Ehsan Harirchian, Hüseyin Bilgin, Kirti Jadhav entitled as “The effect of material strength and discontinuity in RC structures according to different site-specific design spectra" is awarded.


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