Seismic performance of shallow depth tuned liquid damper
Department of Civil Engineering, Nuh Naci Yazgan University, Kayseri, Turkey
Tuned Liquid Damper;
Equivalent Mechanical Model;
Artificial Bee Colony;
Tuned Liquid Dampers (TLD) consist of a container that is generally partially filled with water. When the sloshing frequency of the water mass is tuned to the fundamental mode of the primary structure a significant amount of sloshing and wave breaking can be achieved which are the primary sources of energy dissipation. Although TLDs are easy to install, operate and maintain; it is generally challenging to model the nonlinear nature of sloshing water. Equivalent mechanical models provide a simplified solution in which sloshing liquid mass, liquid damping, and sloshing frequency are represented by an equivalent mass, damper, spring system. Equivalent mechanical model derivations are generally based on linear sloshing of water mass, which is possible when the water depth/tank length ratio is high and excitation amplitude is low. In this study, a well-known and widely accepted Housner equivalent mechanical model is used to model water sloshing. The water depth/tank length ratio is kept low to enhance the energy dissipation of TLD. The main objective of this study is to experimentally investigate the effectiveness of TLD and check the accuracy of Housner equivalent mechanical model under seismic excitations and low water depth/tank length ratio. Water depth is optimized by the Artificial Bee Colony algorithm which is a population-based optimization algorithm. Frequency sweep analysis and seismic excitations are employed to investigate TLD performance. It is shown that even TLD behavior is modeled by a simplified linear equivalent mechanical model, it is still effective in reducing structural response under large amplitude seismic excitations and low water level/tank length ratios. This is due to more energy dissipation with an increased amount of sloshing and wave breaking.
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