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Technical Note

Fatigue behavior of flush reinforced welded hand-holes in aluminum light poles

Cameron R. Rusnak, Craig C. Menzemer

Auburn Science and Engineering Center (ASEC 210), Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Akron, Akron, Ohio, USA



Fatigue test; 

 Flush welded aluminum hand-hole details; 

Fatigue comparison; 

Design S-N curve; 

 High cycle fatigue

Hand-holes are used in welded aluminum light poles which provide access to electrical wiring for both maintenance and installation. Light poles are usually slender and subjected to cyclic loading due to the response from wind. In the field, localized fatigue cracking around hand-holes has been observed but few studies have focused on the resistance of welded aluminum hand-holes. In this study, three-point bending fatigue tests were conducted on full-scale light poles samples. Specimens were constructed with a “flush” hand-hole utilizing reinforcement placed on the inside of the tube, with the handhole located 18 in from the base. Five of these poles, each containing two separate details were tested. Among the ten details that were tested, eight failed as a result of fatigue cracking and the resulting data is compared to current design S-N curves of the Aluminum Design Manual (ADM). A finite element model was created to help understand the local stresses around the hand-hole. this study, the estimation of shear force for blind shear ram type blowout preventer was investigated by using Finite Element Method (FEM). So, the effect of the blowout preventer working condition on shear force requirement for shear operation could be accurately approximated by simulating the entire process, and ram geometry could be optimized to reduce force and energy used to shear the tube by plastic deformation.

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8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

21/10/2023 Journal Submission System Upgrade Completed: We're delighted to announce that our Journal Submission and Tracking System has undergone a significant upgrade, aimed at enhancing your experience. We apologize for the delay, and any inconvenience it may have caused. Here are the key enhancements from a user perspective:

Improvements are designed to make your interaction with our journal smoother and more efficient. Please take the upgraded system for a spin and share your thoughts with us. If you encounter any issues or have questions, please don't hesitate to reach out to our support team.

27/12/2022 Reviewer AwardsThe winners of 2022 reviewer awards of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Reviewer Awards section. 

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

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2022 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2022 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Nitin Kumar, Michele Barbato, Erika L. Rengifo-López and Fabio Matta entitled as “Capabilities and limitations of existing finite element simplified micro-modeling techniques for unreinforced masonry” is awarded the 

2022 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Aykut Elmas, Güliz Akyüz, Ayhan Bergal, Müberra Andaç and Ömer Andaç entitled as “Mathematical modelling of drug release" is awarded the


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