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Research Article

Oxidizer gases effects on the diameter controlled synthesis of carbon nanotubes

Atike Ince Yardimci1,2, Ahmet Sabri Ogutlu3, Deniz Ogutlu4

1Department of Material Science and Engineering İzmir Institute of Technology, Urla, İzmir, Turkey

2Technology Transfer Office, Usak University, Usak, Turkey

3Department of Industrial Engineering Harran University, Haliliye, Şanlıurfa, Turkey

4Department of Physics İzmir Institute of Technology, Urla, İzmir, Turkey



Carbon nanotube; 

Chemical Vapour; 


 Diameter Control;

 Fe Catalyst

In this study, the influence of the oxidizers on the synthesis of carbon nanotubes by C2H4 decomposition over Fe catalyst has been investigated. CO2, O2, and H2O have been used as oxidizers, and to control catalyst particle formation and their sizes in the pretreatment stage. The same oxidizers have also been used in the growth stage to maintain the catalyst particle size, remove amorphous carbon formation to keep catalyst particle active. The results of scanning electron microscopy indicated that the average diameters of nanotubes decreased from 13.4±1.2 nm to 6.2±0.5 nm and extremely dense nanotubes were obtained when we added a small amount of CO2. Adding O2 extremely decreased the areal carbon nanotube density while widens the diameter distribution. H2O addition resulted in larger average diameters and made the growth strongly pretreatment dependent. Within the parameters tried for catalyst pretreatment and CNT growth processes, CO2 seemed the best choice for a weak oxidizing assistant. The strong dependency of the average diameter on pretreatment conditions indicated that pretreatment is a very important step in deciding the final diameters and their distribution.

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8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

21/10/2023 Journal Submission System Upgrade Completed: We're delighted to announce that our Journal Submission and Tracking System has undergone a significant upgrade, aimed at enhancing your experience. We apologize for the delay, and any inconvenience it may have caused. Here are the key enhancements from a user perspective:

Improvements are designed to make your interaction with our journal smoother and more efficient. Please take the upgraded system for a spin and share your thoughts with us. If you encounter any issues or have questions, please don't hesitate to reach out to our support team.

27/12/2022 Reviewer AwardsThe winners of 2022 reviewer awards of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Reviewer Awards section. 

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

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2022 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2022 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Nitin Kumar, Michele Barbato, Erika L. Rengifo-López and Fabio Matta entitled as “Capabilities and limitations of existing finite element simplified micro-modeling techniques for unreinforced masonry” is awarded the 

2022 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Aykut Elmas, Güliz Akyüz, Ayhan Bergal, Müberra Andaç and Ömer Andaç entitled as “Mathematical modelling of drug release" is awarded the


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