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Technical Note

Performance evaluation of unmanned aerial vehicle wing made from sterculiasetigeradelile fiber and pterocarpuserinaceus wood dust epoxy composite using finite element method abaqus and structural testing

Nasir Mohammed Tahir1, Adamu Umar Alhaji2, Ibrahim Abdullahi2

1National Space Research and Development Agency

2Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bayero University, Kano



Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Wing (UAV);

Finite Element Method;

Abaqus Software;

Schrenk Method;

SterculiaSetigeraDelile fiber (SSD);

PterocarpusErinaceus (PTE) wood dust;

Structural Testing

Finite Element Method such as Abaqus software is increasingly used to analyze structures such as the Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Wing. Unmanned Aerial Vehicle is usually fabricated using synthetic materials such as Glass fibers, Carbon fibers and Kevlar. The problems with the synthetic fibers are environmental pollution during processing, energy consumption during processing and cost of production. Natural fibres can be used as replacement for synthetic fibers due to their comparable physical and mechanical properties. The research involves the simulation of an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle wing made from 5% Cold Alkaline treated 5% SterculiaSetigeraDelile fiber (SSD) at 0-degree orientation and 7.5% PterocarpusErinaceus (PTE) Wood dust Epoxy composite using Abaqus software. The wing was subjected to aerodynamic wing loading from 167.57N to 895N (3kg to 16kg). The result showed that the wing produced using the Novel material could withstand the most critical flight load distribution in conformation with Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) part 23 Airworthiness standards with an ultimate design load of 5.7. At the point of failure the wing could withstand an Ultimate load factor of 20.26. Structural physical testing was performed for a wing loading of 167.75N to 335.50N (3kg to 6kg). The wing successfully resisted the critical in-flight loading confirming the simulation result. The Novel material of lower density (1.093g/cm3) could withstand the wing loading requirement making it suitable for the UAV wing application.

© 2022 MIM Research Group. All rights reserved.


8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

21/10/2023 Journal Submission System Upgrade Completed: We're delighted to announce that our Journal Submission and Tracking System has undergone a significant upgrade, aimed at enhancing your experience. We apologize for the delay, and any inconvenience it may have caused. Here are the key enhancements from a user perspective:

Improvements are designed to make your interaction with our journal smoother and more efficient. Please take the upgraded system for a spin and share your thoughts with us. If you encounter any issues or have questions, please don't hesitate to reach out to our support team.

27/12/2022 Reviewer AwardsThe winners of 2022 reviewer awards of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Reviewer Awards section. 

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

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2022 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2022 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Nitin Kumar, Michele Barbato, Erika L. Rengifo-López and Fabio Matta entitled as “Capabilities and limitations of existing finite element simplified micro-modeling techniques for unreinforced masonry” is awarded the 

2022 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Aykut Elmas, Güliz Akyüz, Ayhan Bergal, Müberra Andaç and Ömer Andaç entitled as “Mathematical modelling of drug release" is awarded the


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