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Research Article

Evaluation of mechanical properties for banana-carbon fiber reinforced nano-clay epoxy composite using analytical modeling and simulation

Tanvi Saxena, V.K. Chawla

Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Indira Gandhi Delhi Technical University for Women, Kashmere Gate, Delhi, India



Analytical models;

Composite material;

Effective elastic properties;


Natural fibers

Nano-fillers are bringing impeccable development in the area of materials science and natural fibers reinforced composites. In this study, a composite consisting of banana-carbon fiber reinforced epoxy matrix filled with 1%, 3%, and 5% weight percentage of nano-clay particles (NC) and carrying a transverse load is investigated for its mechanical and elastic properties. Nano-clay layer with interphase are arranged in layers called nano-clay platelets. The elastic properties such as longitudinal elastic modulus, transverse elastic modulus, in-plane Poisson’s ratio, in-plane and out-of-plane shear modulus for the proposed composite are calculated by using different analytical models namely, Mori-Tanaka, Bridging, Generalized Self-Consistent, and Modified Halpin-Tsai model. The strength and deformation of the proposed composite are analyzed by using the ANSYS APDL application. The proposed composite is modeled using two layers of banana fibers, two layers of carbon fiber, and one layer of nano-clay platelet. The fibers and nano-clay platelet are arranged in a specific sequence of banana fiber at 900, carbon fiber at 00, nano-clay platelet at 900, carbon fiber at 00, and banana fiber at 900. The proposed composite reinforced with 3% nano-clay is showing the least deformation as compared to 1% and 5% reinforcement. It is also observed that the modified Halpin-Tsai model outperforms all the other models as it is yielding the most effective elastic properties for the proposed composite and Mori-Tanaka model is found to be the least effective model for the calculation of elastic features of the proposed composite. Additionally, the hybridization effect for the composite is also calculated to analyze the tensile failure strain characteristics for banana and carbon fibers in the hybrid composite.

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8/12/2023 Special Issue: Embark on a journey of innovation with the journal of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials as we unveil a compelling opportunity for contributors in our upcoming special issue, "Design, Analysis, and Manufacturing of Composite Vehicle Structures." Led by distinguished Guest Editors Liubov Gavva and Oleg Mitrofanov from Moscow Aviation Institute. For more info see the link.

21/10/2023 Journal Submission System Upgrade Completed: We're delighted to announce that our Journal Submission and Tracking System has undergone a significant upgrade, aimed at enhancing your experience. We apologize for the delay, and any inconvenience it may have caused. Here are the key enhancements from a user perspective:

Improvements are designed to make your interaction with our journal smoother and more efficient. Please take the upgraded system for a spin and share your thoughts with us. If you encounter any issues or have questions, please don't hesitate to reach out to our support team.

27/12/2022 Reviewer AwardsThe winners of 2022 reviewer awards of Research on Engineering Structures and Materials (RESM) are announced. More information can be found at Reviewer Awards section. 

(More details of the news may be given in the News section)

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2022 Reviewer Awards:

Please, visit Reviewer Awards section for the winners of the 2022 RESM reviewer awards.

2022 Best Paper Award:

The paper authored by Nitin Kumar, Michele Barbato, Erika L. Rengifo-López and Fabio Matta entitled as “Capabilities and limitations of existing finite element simplified micro-modeling techniques for unreinforced masonry” is awarded the 

2022 Most Cited Paper Award:

The paper authored by Aykut Elmas, Güliz Akyüz, Ayhan Bergal, Müberra Andaç and Ömer Andaç entitled as “Mathematical modelling of drug release" is awarded the


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